Future of Information Technology: Key Trends & Assumptions
What will be the future of IT?
Over the last few years, the landscape of IT trends has changed significantly. New technologies arose while others are losing their momentum.
What will be the future of information technology after COVID?
The landscape promises to surprise us with a lot of new developments for industries like learning, healthcare, eCommerce, security, and many others.
This article uncovers the future technology trends. You will learn which technologies will help businesses beat the competition and why automation will be leading the game.
8 Trends that Define the Future of Information Technology
In the near future, companies will be looking for ways to cut expenses, automate processes, and provide a great user experience. Let’s explore IT trends that will rule the future in more detail.
Automation will prevail in the future of IT. It aims to reduce manual work and improve business efficiency. Data science is the key sphere that is predicted to benefit from automation the most. Data science automation with machine learning and artificial intelligence will allow scientists to make better data analysis.
Moreover, it’s predicted that automated machines will replace almost half of the global workforce in the years to come.
So, we’ll definitely see some advancements in this direction too.
2. Data Security
The latest trends in information technology clearly show that data security will continue to be in the spotlight of attention. Keeping business data and the data of customers secure will be among the biggest future IT trends and requirements.
Thus, companies will need to find new ways to ensure data security without huge investments.
3. Data Privacy
General Data Protection Regulation and California’s Consumer Privacy Act sparked new advancements in the sphere of data privacy. Such acts regulate what information businesses can collect, store, and share with third parties.
The future of information technology will be closely interwound with data, driving the need for advanced automated solutions that ensure regulations and legislation compliance.
4. Big Data & Analytics
Another one of the latest trends in information technology is big data and analytics. Big data analytics uncovers hidden patterns, correlations, and provides other important insights, for example, on customer behavior, etc.
There is no doubt that organizations will rely on big data analytics to harness their business data and use it to explore new opportunities. Big data can be used to reduce costs, make better and faster data-driven decisions, provide clients with the products and services they need, and so on.
5. Software Architecture
The new information technology world is turning from monolithic to microservice architecture. For example, MLSDev states that mobile app development services will mostly rely on microservice architecture.
Companies will move from monolithic architectures to those that can be used and reused both inside and outside organizations.
6. Social Media
Top information technology trends also include the growth in the importance of social media. They will continue to gain traction both among businesses and customers.
Even now, social media sharing accounts for 54% of the information that consumers use while making a buying decision. Almost 78% of people say that social media posts by brands influence their buying decision.
7. User Experience
User experience will play a leading role in the future of information and communication technologies.
Aside from business efficiency, a bigger emphasis will be placed on the experience a company provides and how users interact with its services. This will require a complex approach and a shift to customer-centric business organizations with smooth and simple UX.
8. Cloud Computing
Evolution and trends in information systems will change focus from simple infrastructure solutions to cloud computing. Software-as-a-service (SaaS) and platform-as-a-service (PaaS) solutions will become the future of IT.
Such solutions will help businesses get better functionality and flexibility in their operations at a reduced cost.
Future of Information Technology: 9 Innovations to Watch out For
All of the above IT trends will be possible thanks to advancements in technology development. Below you can see a list of the main innovations:
- Internet of Things
- Virtual Reality
- Augmented Reality
- 3D Printing
- Machine Learning
- Artificial Intelligence
You need to pay attention to it now if you want to be a part of the future of information technology rather than an outside observer.
Internet of Things
The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the latest technologies that will define the future of IT. IoT is a network of interconnected devices that can collect and share information. Possible implementations of IoT include a number of industries, such as smart cars, drone delivery, dash buttons, iBeacons, and smart homes.
Companies like Google, Tesla Motors, Nissan, and others are actively working to create a fully self-driving car that will know where you need to go the first thing in the morning or when it needs to pick up your children from school.
When you think about the future of Information technology, Virtual Reality (VR) may be the first thing that crosses your mind. The real power of VR is yet to be discovered.
One of the industries that will benefit the most from it is medicine. In the coming years, VR simulations for patients will reduce emergency room visits by 20 million in the USA by 2023.
Augmented Reality (AR) technology allows augmenting reality with virtual objects, images, and sounds to create an altered experience. AR is often called the future of IT, as it can be used both for entertainment and for business purposes.
Possible use cases include eCommerce with AR shopping, which is especially important in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Other use scenarios include navigation, remote assistance, medicine, and many more.
Blockchain: Future of IT Technology?
Blockchain is the technology that stores information in consequent records called blocks, which are interconnected and secured with cryptography. The popularity of blockchain started with Bitcoin, the most popular cryptocurrency. Today, buying Bitcoin with PayPal is no more difficult than buying stock.
After the hype has come and gone, it will still be present in the future of information technology. Blockchain will be used for a number of reasons and solutions. Examples include medicine for secure storage of patients’ records, luxury products selling for their protection from counterfeiting, and much more.
3D printing is a technology that has a lot of possible business applications. Today, anyone can buy a 3D printer and create some basic solutions at home.
In the future, this technology can be used for higher product personalization. What was possible to manufacture in the past at special facilities now is possible to do with a simple 3D printer. However, the most prominent use of 3D printing is the creation of artificial limbs and organ printing.
Machine learning (ML) can be called the future of information technology. The real benefits and power of this technology are yet to be discovered.
Machine learning makes data-driven predictions by building a model from sample data inputs. Today, it is mainly used in big data to analyze huge chunks of data to make predictions of possible income, consumer demand, and so on. In the future, ML will have even more use cases and will see more real-life implementations.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a technology that we will definitely see in the future. Used together with machine learning, it holds significant potential for businesses. AI lays at the basis of a lot of emerging technologies, including big data, robotics, IoT, etc.
A great example of AI implementation in real life are digital assistants like Cortana, Alexa, and Siri. Such assistance can find information and perform tasks, recognize the voice, and, together with machine learning, process the collected data to derive some patterns.
Very often, the future of information technology is presented as a sci-fi film depicting robot assistants. Such robots aim to substitute or replicate human actions.
The use of smart robots is diverse. Today, key use cases include manufacturing processes and dangerous situations. In the future, they will include robotic pets, rescue robots, medical robots, and other implementations.
Biometrics is the technology that uses body measurements and statistical analysis of people’s unique physical and behavioral characteristics. This technology is widely used in the IT world for user identification and access control.
As for now, a great example of biometrics is Face ID, a technology implemented by Apple for its mobile devices. iPhones and tablets identify users with the help of facial recognition.
Biometrics will also define the future of information technology with more advanced use in different spheres.
What will be the Real Future of Information Technology?
Our future looks very promising with a lot of technologies waiting to find wide use. Today, the future of information technology has the following outline:
- Machine learning and AI will be useful for automation purposes
- Blockchain will help secure data security and privacy
- The importance of data security will only grow
- Artificial intelligence, big data, robotics, and IoT will be used to build more robust smart assistance, self-driving cars, and other innovations
Based on the defined future trends of information technology, it’s also possible to make predictions about the future of IT jobs. Data science, app development, machine learning, software engineering, security, and blockchain are the most promising spheres for exploration.