Nokia will build the very first 4G LTE network on the Moon. So, no, 5G won’t be available, but come on, this is the Moon we’re talking about. Any type of Internet support is great, and 4G LTE is nothing to scoff at, quite the contrary.
NASA plans to have a sustainable human presence on the Moon by the year 2028. Elon Musk’s SpaceX, Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin, and a company that goes by the name 'Dynetics' will develop the landers that will deliver humans to the Moon, it seems.
Nokia will build this network for Internet support on the Moon by late 2022
Nokia is expected to “build and deploy the first ultra-compact, low-power, space-hardened, end-to-end LTE solution on the lunar surface” by late 2022. That network will be integrated into Intuitive Machines’ lunar lander.
Once that lander reaches the moon, the network will self-configure and provide the very first 4G LTE connectivity on the Moon. This network will “provide critical communication capabilities for many different data transmission applications, including vital command and control functions, remote control of lunar rovers, real-time navigation and streaming of high definition video”. The company has also added that “these communication applications are all vital to long-term human presence on the lunar surface".
Nokia claims that this 4G LTE network will be perfect for astronauts. They’ll be able to use it for voice and video communication, telemetry, biometric data exchange, control of robotic and sensor payloads, and so on.
Nokia also promised that it will work on developing space applications for 5G connectivity as well. Also, please do note this is not the Nokia owned by HMD Global. This is the other company that handles network connectivity.
That Nokia is actually a big deal in the business, as it is second only to Huawei at the moment. It is the world’s second-largest networking equipment supplier.
All of this sounds really exciting, and it will be interesting to follow the development of such technology. We’re still a long way off from actually inhabiting any other planet than the Earth, but… this is a step towards that goal, in a way.